They believed that the civil government should strictly enforce public morality by prohibiting vices like drunkenness, gambling, ostentatious dress, swearing, and Sabbath-breaking. Puritans believed in predestination. – The non-elect were evil. The belief that set Puritans and Calvinists apart from other denominations of Protestantism, however, was predestination. This made them eager to convert Natives to Christianity, which they managed to do in some places . Puritans are more strict and follow more rigid guidelines of morality than … Puritans believed that belief in Jesus and participation in the sacraments could not alone effect one's salvation; one cannot choose salvation, for that is the privilege of God alone. Predestination. The first was their belief in predestination. Puritans believed that human nature was inherently sinful with salvation only attainable through God's grace; however, Puritans also believed in predestination, which stated that only a chosen few were eligible with no hope of recourse for the rest. The Puritans were members of a religious reform movement that arose in the late 16th century and held that the Church of England should eliminate ceremonies and practices not rooted in … Beliefs and practices of the Puritans: – Predestination/Election: God preordained some people to heaven and some to hell. They could not tolerate public scandal, especially when attached to a religious moment. The single phrase above that is accurate concerning the Puritans themselves is that they were believers in Calvinist theology. David Hall in The Legacy of John Calvin: His Influence in the Modern World rightly stated that “citizens on both sides of the Atlantic believed that the intellectual descendents of Calvin were the founders of colonial America.” This doctrine holds that God is all-powerful and all-knowing; therefore, the fate of each individual soul is known to God at birth. – Total depravity: This doctrine was not held in the early Church and comes from Gnosticism. They believed in predestination, which led them to search their own and others’ behavior for signs of saving grace. Puritanism, I believe, was an extension, or an alteration of Calvinism. Puritans in both Britain and British North America sought to cleanse the culture of what they regarded as corrupt, sinful practices. They did believe in predestination. Several beliefs differentiated Puritans from other Christians. Puritans believed that God had already determined who would go to heaven and who to hell, and that a small percentage of individuals among the population were the Elect, those predestined for heaven. What did John Winthrop want to create in the Massachusetts Bay Colony? ... What the Puritans did want was a society dominated by their views. The concept of predestination played a large role in the life of Puritans. Just like Calvinists today, God is believed to ultimately plan everything that happens. Many people do not realize that there are many different denominations of the Christian faith. – The Puritans believed that they were Israel with their exodus to America as proof. What the Puritans did want was a society dominated by their views. It's been a while since I've gone over Puritans, but ultimatley, their belief in predestination led to their extreme "child rearing." 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