But just after the Civil War started, in May 1861, that precious Black history landscape was also where brave, enterprising Black […] Fort Monroe History Fort Monroe, decommissioned in 2011, provided coastal defense to the Chesapeake Bay and served as an artillery school for the Army from the early 1800s through the end of World War ll. The historic confrontation, the first between ironclad warships and known as the Battle of Hampton Roads, was witnessed from the casemates of Fort Monroe. It was a triangular stockade containing seven cannons and fifty people in 1614. The historic granite walls that surround the moat at Fort Monroe have be vandalized, as well as two other buildings at the former military post, one that had a racial slur. HOW TO NAVIGATE THE TIMELINE. Fort Monroe Superintendent Terry Brown has dedicated himself to preserving and telling the story of African-Americans in the space. Fort Monroe became a historic national landmark in 1960 and the Algernourne Oak is one of the reasons. His offices were once Robert E. Lee's home. Fort Monroe remained in Union hands throughout the Civil War. Fort Algernourne (1609 - 1667), which was rebuilt in 1632, was first located here. In 1607, the English explorer Captain John Smith came ashore near Fort Monroe. To scroll through the dates, click on the arrows or drag the timeline from right to left with your cursor and click on the date you are interested in. In 1802, the Old Point Comfort lighthouse was built. A Brief History of Fort Monroe 1819 - Present. The oak also is one of the reasons why the fort was designated is … Fort Monroe was the only Union controlled fortified base in the Upper South and it soon became known as the “Freedom Fort” by blacks who sought escape from bondage. Fort Monroe became so crowded that Camp Eustis was established to provide a training camp and embarkation point for troops headed for the front. The Chamberlin hotel still operates, but as a retirement community. Fort Monroe escapes this redistribution of coastal guns probably because it was the training school and the guns were needed for training. There is now a waterfront club, a brewery, a coffee shop, a yacht club, and a campground. By Sheri Bailey and Steven T. Corneliussen August will bring national attention to slavery’s Virginia beginnings at Point Comfort, now called Fort Monroe where “20 and odd negars” came ashore in August 1619. Brig. Later, Fort George (1727 - 1749) was built on the site, but it was destroyed by a hurricane. In 1619, it would serve as a landing place in the New World for Africans brought in as slaves. Hampton’s national monument, Fort Monroe, plays a large part in Hampton’s history. 170 historic buildings stand at Fort Monroe, many of them former quarters leased by families. The lighthouse built there in 1803 continues to operate as an active aid to navigation. 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