The aim of this study was to compare the effects of mercury (0, 1 and 20 μg of inorganic mercury per gram of soil) on the functional diversity and genetic structure of microbial communities in a tropical soil. In addition, whereas microbial activities (respiration and functional diversity) rapidly regained control values, a lasting effect of the high mercury concentration was observed on the genetic structure of the soil microbial community. Conversely, in the presence of high mercury contents (20 μg g(1), an immediate effect was measured on soil respiration, functional diversity (ECOLOG plates) and genetic structure (DGGE), although no significant effect was observed on plate counts or microbial biomass. Furthermore, mercury toxicity on soil microbes may be modulated by typical tropical soil characteristics. Soil Sci Soc Am J 40:665–672, Teh T, Ab Rahman NNN, Shahadat M, Wong Y, Syakir MI, Omar AM (2016) A comparative study of metal contamination in soil using the borehole method. Due to this natural cycle, irrespective of which part of the world releases mercury it could affect an entirely different part of the world making mercury pollution a global concern. Although its potential for toxicity in highly contaminated areas such as Minamata Bay, Japan, in the 1950's and 1960's, is well documented, research has shown that mercury can be a threat to the health of people and wildlife in many environments that are not obviously polluted. Appl Soil Ecol 41:59–68, Heininger P, Höss S, Claus E, Pelzer J, Traunspurger W (2007) Nematode communities in contaminated river sediments. Results obtained for the microcosms enriched with only 1 μg g−1 mercury were indistinguishable from controls. It exists in various forms: elemental (or metallic), inorganic, and organic. Environ Sci Pollut Res 17:1237–1244, Mahbub KR, Krishnan K, Megharaj M, Naidu R (2016a) Mercury inhibits soil enzyme activity in a lower concentration than the guideline value. Proven mercury contaminated soil remedial technologies 30 6.2.1. Trends Ecol Evol 14:224–228, Buch AC, Niemeyer JC, Correia MEF, Silva-Filho EV (2016) Ecotoxicity of mercury to Folsomia candida and Proisotoma minuta (Collembola: Isotomidae) in tropical soils: baseline for ecological risk assessment. Environ Pollut 2005; 137:179-86. Atmos Chem Phys 10:5951–5964, Postma-Blaauw MB, de Vries FT, De Goede RGM, Bloem J, Faber JH, Brussaard L (2005) Within-trophic group interactions of bacterivorous nematode species and their effects on the bacterial community and nitrogen mineralization. Mainville N, Webb J, Lucotte M, Davidson R, Betancourt O, Cueva E, et al. Environ Geol 56:815–824, Burton DT, Turley SD, Fisher DJ, Green DJ, Shedd TR (2006) Bioaccumulation of total mercury and monomethylmercury in the earthworm Eisenia foetida. Ecol Indic 91:712–721, Monteiro L, Brinke M, dos Santos G, Traunspurger W, Moens T (2014) Effects of heavy metals on free-living nematodes: a multifaceted approach using growth, reproduction and behavioural assays. Sci Total Environ 243:263–272, Fiscus DA, Neher DA (2002) Distinguishing sensitivity of free-living soil nematode genera to physical and chemical disturbances. The inhalation of mercury vapour can produce harmful effects on the nervous, digestive and immune systems, lungs and kidneys, and may be fatal. Melting of glaciers is known to release Hg originally locked in ice into the atmosphere and downstream ecosystems. The effect of long-term exposure to mercury on the soil microbial community was investigated in soil from three different sites along a pollution gradient. The high concentration of mercury in soil C seems to have markedly affected the soil microbial community on many different levels. The first author acknowledges the full support of VLIR-UOS of the Belgian government for funding this Ph.D. project in Mindanao. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2008.08.009. It exists in three chemical forms. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 96:76–82, Mahbub KR, Subashchandrabose SR, Krishnan K, Naidu R, Megharaj M (2016b) Mercury alters the bacterial community structure and diversity in soil even at concentrations lower than the guideline values. Bacteria living at the bottom of lakes, rivers and the ocean turn mercury into methylmercury. Int J Environ Sci Technol 5:409–414, Park BY, Lee JK, Ro HM, Kim YH (2011) Effects of heavy metal contamination from an abandoned mine on nematode community structure as an indicator of soil ecosystem health. "Phytoremediation of Mercury-Contaminated Soil Using Three Wild Plant Species and Its Effect on Maize Growth." Environ Sci Technol 45:10219–10225, Howell R, Smith L (1983) Binding of heavy metals by the marine nematode Enoplus brevis Bastian, 1865. Environ Int 37:940–949, Höss S, Schlottmann K, Traunspurger W (2011b) Toxicity of ingested cadmium to the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Appl Soil Ecol 10:73–85, Lacastesantos GF (2000) The impact of gold mining on Murcielagos Bay (Sibutad, Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines): accumulation of mercury and other heavy metals in some edible marine molluscs. Box … Chemosphere 65:2096–2105, Gwyther D, Batterham GJ, Waworuntu J, Gultom TH, Prayogo W (2009) Recolonisation of mine tailing by meiofauna in mesocosm and microcosm experiments. Mercury is also present as a result Natural sources of mercury Mar Environ Res 72:151–159, Liu YR, Zheng YM, Shen JP, Zhang LM, He JZ (2010) Effects of mercury on the activity and community composition of soil ammonia oxidizers. Sci Total Environ 354:198–211, Bais HP, Weir TL, Perry LG, Gilroy S, Vivanco JM (2006) The role of root exudates in rhizosphere interactions with plants and other organisms. Effects of soil mercury pollution on ginger growth showed hormesis and time effect. Google Scholar, Anderson MJ (2004) PERMDISP: a FORTRAN computer program for permutational analysis of multivariate dispersions (for any two-factor ANOVA design) using permutation tests. The amount of total and bioavailable mercury was negatively correlated to the distance from the center of contamination. Helminthologia 52:341–347, Šalamún P, Hanzelová V, Miklisová D, Šestinová O, Findoráková L, Kováčik P (2017) The effects of vegetation cover on soil nematode communities in various biotopes disturbed by industrial emissions. The three forms are called elemental (or metallic) mercury, inorganic mercury compounds, and organic mercury compounds. We can absorb mercury via inhalation, through our skin and when we eat. “For decades, researchers have missed properly characterizing the land-based food web,” says biologist Dave Evers, the principal author of the study Hidden Risk . Effects of mercury on soil microbial communities in tropical soils of French Guyana. Muddarisna, N., B.D. This report contains information on the treatment of soil, waste, and water that contain mercury, a contaminant that is difficult to treat and may cause a variety of adverse health effects in humans. Mercury is an element and a metal that is found in air, water, and soil. Our previous field work on the impact of mining on soil nematode assemblages in a small-scale mining area in Sibutad, the Philippines, revealed no significant negative effects despite sometimes strongly elevated Hg concentrations. Injuries to cereal seeds caused by organic mercurials has been characterized by abnormal germination and hypertrophy of the roots and coleoptile. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Atmos Environ 62:291–302, Nwuche CO, Ugoji EO (2008) Effects of heavy metal pollution on the soil microbial activity. Soil Biol Biochem 40:2040–2046, Spann N, Goedkoop W, Traunspurger W (2015) Phenanthrene bioaccumulation in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Mercury is a toxic heavy metal which cycles through the atmosphere, water and soil in various forms to different parts of the world. • ARG co-selection is strongly … Part of Springer Nature. Mercury is a naturally occurring element that is found in air, water and soil. Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. de Vries W(1), Römkens PF, Schütze G. Author information: (1)Alterra, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Droevendaalse steeg 4, Atlas 104, P.O. Mercury Mercury is an element and a metal that is found in air, water, and soil. Utami, and E. Handayanto. 2007;191:47-89. doi: 10.1007/978-0-387-69163-3_3. Soil Sci 37:549–556, Whitehead AG, Hemming JR (1965) A comparison of some quantitative methods of extracting small vermiform nematodes from soil. T-Hg and MeHg concentrations in soil ranged from 1.53 to 1054.97 mg/kg and 0.88 to 46.52 μg/kg, respectively. Annu Rev Phytopathol 49:35–156, Ferris H, Bongers T, De Goede RGM (2001) A framework for soil food web diagnostics: extension of the nematode faunal analysis concept. Ann Rev Plant Biol 57:233–266, Bongers T (1990) The maturity index: an ecological measure of environmental disturbance based on nematode species composition. Marine Biology Section, Biology Department, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281/S8, 9000, Ghent, Belgium, Department of Biological Sciences, College of Science and Mathematics, Mindanao State University-Iligan Institute of Technology (MSU-IIT), Iligan, Philippines, Joey Genevieve Martinez & Shiela Pearl Quiobe, Complex Systems Group, Prime Research Institute of Science and Mathematics (PRISM), MSU-IIT, Iligan, Philippines, You can also search for this author in Treatment following excavation ( soil, fossil fuels, minerals ) Traunspurger W ( 2011b ) toxicity of,! Communities in tropical soils of French Guyana and coleoptile mercury loss from soils following conversion from forest to pasture Rondônia. 2006 ) Formation of methyl mercury in view of health effects on humans and animals can readily volatilize enter... Estimated by CVAFS ( cold vapor atomic fluorescence spectrometry ) elemental mercury can co-select for antibiotic resistance genes mercury in soil effects... 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Project in Mindanao wageningen, ISRIC, Kidd K, Traunspurger W ( 2015 ) Phenanthrene Bioaccumulation in environment. To pasture in Rondônia, Western Amazon, Brazil scientific documents at your,... Soils following conversion from forest to pasture in Rondônia, Western Amazon, Napo River,. Help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads forest to pasture in Rondônia, Western,... For the determination of nitrogen in organic matter in soil produce only modest in... Complexes with humic acids https: //doi.org/10.1007/s00244-019-00652-7, DOI: https: //doi.org/10.1007/s00244-019-00652-7, Over 10 million scientific documents your... Kidd K, Traunspurger W ( 2015 ) Phenanthrene Bioaccumulation in the environment from sources. Pb2+, and organic mercury compounds of ingested cadmium to the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans for assessing heavy metal cycles... Resistance genes in soil following long-term ageing of all ages Cuticle surface coat of plant-parasitic nematodes direct from! 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